Interconnectedness of the Goals: Goal 8 & Goal 10
Updated: Nov 4, 2018
Image credit: Oregon Department of Transport
One of the most exciting aspects of the Global Goals is their interconnectedness. Previously, the multiple areas of development have been treated rather separately within their own categories. Now, however, we have a way to explore how social, environmental and economic development are all related to one another. This year, we are exploring how each goal and their associated targets need to see the achievement of each other in order to be fulfilled as a whole.
Goal 8 aims to ensure everyone has the ability to find decent employment which in a safe and supportive workplace to protect them from living in poverty and to ensure that the economy continues to grow to support sustained development into the future, and Goal 10 aims to ensure everyone has equal opportunity to succeed and live their best life possible, regardless of social and physical factors.
The main topic of relevance when discussing these two goals is workplace diversity.
Target 8.5 is particularly relevant when it comes to reducing inequalities through decent work. This target aims to achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value by 2030.
Within the targets for Goal 8, a number of specific demographics are mentioned including youth and children, migrants and those involved most vulnerable to be used for human trafficking and slave labour. These demographics have been identified to be some of the most left behind when it comes to decent work.
When it comes to improving incomes of those in lower income-earning brackets, Target 10.1 advocates that we progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average by 2030. To do this, we must achieve both Target 10.2, by 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status, and Target 10.4: adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality. Achieving Target 10.4 will be done through ensuring equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard (Target 10.3).
The 2030 Agenda also looks at inequalities between countries by focusing on sustaining at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries (Target 8.1). Target 10.6 also looks at ensuring enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.