• Caterina Sullivan

What Australia's Commitment to the Global Goals Means for the Indo-Pacific Region

Updated: Nov 3, 2018



Image credit: Marko Mikkonen

The other day, we provided a quick overview of what the domestic achievement of the goals means for Australia. Now, we’re taking a look at what our commitment to the goals means for our neighbours in the Indo-Pacific region.

#Goal1: #NoPoverty

  • End extreme poverty

  • Halve relative poverty

  • Ensure sustainable social protection systems, such as welfare, which aim to build resilience and empower people to lift themselves out of poverty

  • Ensure all people have equal rights and access to economic resources

  • Mobilise resources from a variety of sources to provide means for developing countries to implement policies and programmes to end poverty

#Goal2: #ZeroHunger

  • End hunger

  • End malnutrition

  • Double agricultural productivity and ensure its sustainability

  • Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, plants and farmed and domesticated animals

  • Increase investment in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology development and gene banks to enhance agricultural productivity in developing countries

  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions

  • Ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives

#Goal3: #GoodHealth and #WellBeing

  • Reduce the global maternal mortality ratio

  • End preventable death in newborns and children under 5

  • End AIDs, TB and other communicable diseases

  • Reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases

  • Improve mental health and well-being

  • Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse

  • Halve the number of deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

  • Achieve universal health coverage and ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services

  • Reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

  • Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

  • Support research and development of vaccines and medicines most affecting developing countries

  • Increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of healthcare workers in developing countries

  • Strengthen the capacity of developing countries for early warning, risk reduction and management of health risks

#Goal4: #QualityEducation

  • Ensure all girls and boys have equal access to a free and quality primary and secondary education

  • Ensure all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development

  • Ensure equal access to affordable technical, vocational and tertiary education

  • Increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills for employment

  • Eliminate discrimination based on gender, disability, indigenous status and / or economic status in education

  • Ensure a substantial proportion of people achieve literacy and numeracy

  • Ensure everyone has access to knowledge and skills-training needed for a sustainable future

  • Upgrade education facilities to be child, disability and gender sensitive and to provide safe, inclusive and effective learning environments for all

  • Expand the number of scholarships available to developing countries

  • Increase the supply of qualified teachers in developing countries

#Goal5: #GenderEquality

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls

  • End all forms of violence against all women and girls

  • Eliminate all harmful practices such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

  • Recognise and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies

  • Promote shared responsibility within the household and family

  • Ensure women’s full participation at all levels of decision-making, politically and economically

  • Give women equal rights to economic resources and access to ownership

  • Enhance the use of technology to promote female empowerment

  • Adopt sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality at all levels

#Goal6: #CleanWater & #Sanitation

  • Ensure all people have access to clean drinking water

  • Ensure access to adequate sanitation and hygiene facilities

  • End open defecation

  • Reduce pollution, eliminate dumping and minimise the release of chemicals into waterways

  • Halve the proportion of untreated wastewater

  • Increase recycling of water

  • Increase water-use efficiency across all sectors

  • Ensure withdrawals of freshwater are sustainable

  • Reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

  • Implement integrated water resources management at all levels

  • Protect and restore water-related ecosystems

  • Expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes

  • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water management

#Goal7: #AffordableEnergy & #CleanEnergy

  • Ensure access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

  • Increase the share of renewable energy in the energy mix from 14%

  • Double the improvement rate in energy efficiency

  • Invest in energy infrastructure and clean energy research and technology

  • Expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries

#Goal8: #DecentWork & #EconomicGrowth

  • Sustain per capita economic growth

  • Sustain at least 7% GDP growth in developing countries

  • Achieve higher levels of productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation

  • Promote development-oriented policies to support productive activities, job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation

  • Encourage the formalisation and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises

  • Improve resource efficiency in consumption and production

  • Decouple economic growth from environmental degradation

  • Achieve full and productive employment for everyone

  • Ensure equal pay for work of equal value

  • Reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training

  • Eradicate forced labour

  • End modern slavery

  • End human trafficking

  • Eliminate child labour

  • Protect labour rights

  • Promote safe and secure working environments for all workers

  • Implement policies to promote sustainable tourism

  • Expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all

  • Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries

#Goal9: #Industry, #Innovation & #Infrastructure

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure

  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation

  • Increase industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product

  • Increase access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises to financial services

  • Upgrade infrastructure to ensure sustainability

  • Enhance scientific research

  • Upgrade technological capabilities of industrial sectors

  • Encourage innovation

  • Increase the number of research and development workers

  • Increase public and private research and development spending

  • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries

  • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries

  • Increase access to information and communications technology

  • Provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries

#Goal10: #ReducedInequalities

  • Achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population at a higher rate than national average

  • Achieve social, economic and political inclusion of all

  • Ensure equal opportunity for all

  • Eliminate discriminatory laws, policies and practices

  • Adopt fiscal, wage and social protection policies to reduce inequalities

  • Enhance representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions

  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration

  • Encourage official developing assistance and financial flows to developing countries

  • Reduce the transaction costs of migrant remittances to less than 3 per cent

#Goal11: #SustainableCities & #SustainableCommunities

  • End homelessness

  • Upgrade slums

  • Provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems

  • Expand public transport

  • Enhance capacity for sustainable human settlement planning and management

  • Protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage

  • Reduce the number of deaths from disasters

  • Reduce the number of people affected by disasters

  • Decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters

  • Reduce the adverse environmental impact of cities

  • Provide access to safe, inclusive and accessible green and public spaces

  • Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening development planning

  • Increase the number of cities and towns adopting and implementing policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaption to climate change and resilience to disasters

  • Support least developed countries in building sustainable and resilient buildings using local materials

#Goal12: #ResponsibleConsumption & #ResponsibleProduction

  • Achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

  • Halve per capita food waste

  • Achieve environmentally-sound management of chemicals and waste

  • Reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

  • Encourage companies to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

  • Promote sustainable public procurement practices

  • Ensure that everyone everywhere has the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

  • Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

  • Implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism

  • Rationalise inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption

#Goal13: #ClimateAction

  • Strengthen resilience to climate-related hazards and natural disasters

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and capacity on climate change

  • Raise capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries

#Goal14: #LifeBelowWater

  • Prevent and reduce marine pollution

  • Protect marine and coastal ecosystems

  • Minimise and address the impacts of ocean acidification

  • Regulate harvesting

  • End overfishing

  • End illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

  • Implement science-based management plans in order to restore fish stocks

  • Conserve at least 10% of coastal and marine areas

  • Prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing

  • Eliminate subsidies which contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

  • Increase scientific knowledge on marine biology

  • Develop research capacity and transfer marine technology

  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

#Goal15: #LifeOnLand

  • Conserve and restore use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems

  • Sustainably manage all types of forests

  • Halt deforestation

  • Restore degraded forests

  • Increase afforestation and reforestation

  • Combat desertification

  • Restore degraded land and soil

  • Conserve mountain ecosystems

  • Reduce the degradation of natural habitats

  • Halt the loss of biodiversity

  • Protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

  • Share genetic resources fairly, equitably and sustainably

  • End poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna

  • Address demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

  • Prevent the introduction of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems

  • Integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning

  • Mobilise and increase financial resources to conserve biodiversity

  • Mobilise resources to finance sustainable forest management

  • Provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance sustainable forest management

#Goal16: #Peace, #Justice & #StrongInstitutions

  • Reduce all forms of violence

  • Reduce number of violence-related deaths

  • End abuse, exploitation and trafficking of children

  • End all forms of violence against children

  • End torture of children

  • Promote the rule of law

  • Ensure equal access to justice for all

  • Reduce illicit financial and arms flow

  • Strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets

  • Combat all forms of organised crime

  • Reduce corruption and bribery

  • Ensure the accountability and transparency of institutions at all levels

  • Ensure inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

  • Strengthen the participation of developing countries in global governance institutions

  • Provide legal identity for all

  • Ensure public access to information

  • Protect fundamental freedoms

  • Combat terrorism

  • Enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

#Goal17: #Partnerships for the Goals

  • Strengthen domestic resource mobilisation to developing countries to improve domestic capacity for tax

  • Provide 0.7% of gross national income to overseas development assistance to developing countries

  • Mobilise additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources

  • Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability

  • Implement investment promotion regimes for least-developed countries

  • Enhance cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation

  • Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally-sound technologies to developing countries

  • Operationalise the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries

  • Enhance the use of enabling technology in developing countries

  • Implement effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to implement the goals

  • Increase exports of developing countries

  • Implement duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least-developed countries

  • Enhance economic stability

  • Enhance policy coherence

  • Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships

  • Enhance capacity-building support to developing countries to increase availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data

  • Build on existing initiatives to measure progress on sustainable development

Another incredibly extensive list!

And that’s it for our overviews of the goals for 2016! Keep checking back in to our website to learn more about the developments around Australia on each of the goals and their 169 targets.

This article was originally published on the Global Goals Australia Campaign website.

#globalgoals

Authorised by Caterina Sullivan (2018)

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O'CONNOR ACT 2602

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